Strabismus and Amblyopia

Strabismus and Amblyopia

Strabismus and Amblyopia

This article is adapted from materials provided by OEP, COVD and Your Child’s Vision by Richard S. Kavner. Dr. Irwin Suchoff, editor of the Journal of Behavioral Optometry (JBO), contributed to this post. Strabismus and amblyopia are visual conditions that affect the ability of the eyes and the brain to communicate. In a 1999 study by Dr. Melvin Kaplan, 17 of 34 children with autism had a strabismus. What Happens Normally? As we scan our environment, not only must our two eyes simultaneously aim at the same object, but our brains must integrate a message from each eye into a single image. The process of fusion (combining the pictures from each eye into a single picture) enables us to perceive three-dimensional depth and helps us to determine our relationships to objects in our environment. Vision emerges as the primary sense when a typical child integrates it with touch, movement and the other senses. What Goes Wrong? In children with developmental…