Symptoms & Diagnoses

Strabismus and Amblyopia

Strabismus and Amblyopia

This article is adapted from materials provided by OEP, COVD and Your Child’s Vision by Richard S. Kavner. Dr. Irwin Suchoff, editor of the Journal of Behavioral Optometry (JBO), contributed to this article. Strabismus and amblyopia are visual conditions that affect...

Neurotransmitter Imbalances

Neurotransmitter Imbalances

Neurotransmitter imbalances are common in mood and behavior disorders such as: Bipolar disorder Depression Anxiety Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Pyrrole disorder Eating disorders Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) ADHD/ADD Schizophrenia Oppositional Defiant...

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea? Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition in which a person's airway is partially or completely blocked during sleep, which leads to snoring as well as a reduced oxygen saturation in the blood. It is the most common type of sleep...

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome (MCAS) features inappropriate mast cell activation, causing not only typical symptoms of allergy but also a host of other symptoms across multiple organ systems. MCAS drives chronic multi-system inflammation and allergy and affects the...

Kryptopyrroluria (Pyrrole Disorder / Pyroluria)

Kryptopyrroluria (Pyrrole Disorder / Pyroluria)

What Is Kryptopyrroluria? Kryptopyrroluria (KPU) is a condition in which zinc and pyridoxine (vitamin B6) are excreted in high amounts into the urine. Elevated kryptopyrroles (HPL) are found in the urine due to abnormality in the synthesis of heme (hemoglobin) in the...

Seizures

Seizures

What Are Seizures? Seizures can be a co-morbid condition associated with a disability such as autism, Down Syndrome, cerebral palsy or mitochondrial dysfunction, although they also occur in children without any of these conditions. The brain has thousands of neurons,...

Tongue Tie

Tongue Tie

What Is Tongue Tie? Tongue tie, or Tethered Oral Tissue (TOT), also medically known as ankyloglossia, is commonly overlooked and often misdiagnosed. Lingual Frenulum is a condition found in babies at birth where a band of tissue at the end of the bottom of the tongue...

Cradle Cap

Cradle Cap

What Is Cradle Cap? Cradle cap, “infantile seborrheic dermatitis”, is a collection of odd patches of a thick, yellowish, oily, greasy, scaly, dry, crusty skin condition that can soon develop on your baby’s scalp shortly after birth, for seemingly no reason at all. Up...

Developmental Delays

Developmental Delays

What Are Developmental Delays? Does your child have developmental delays? Typical delays are: Not rolling over on time Not sitting up unsupported on time Not crawling on time Not walking on time Speech and language delays Skipping a phase (such as not crawling) Never...

Dyspraxia and Apraxia

Dyspraxia and Apraxia

What Are Dyspraxia and Apraxia? Dyspraxia is the partial loss of the ability to coordinate and perform skilled purposeful movements. Apraxia is the complete loss of this ability. Dyspraxia and apraxia together are called Global Apraxia. The root word “praxia” means...